Now he was known as the 'Sardar of Bardoli' or the mighty Ploughman of India. Civil Disobedience Movement:. Gandhiji started it with his dramatic march on Dandi beginning on March 12, with a group of Satyagrahis carefully selected by him. Sardar Patel went in advance of Gandhiji explaining the principles of the campaign to the village folks among mile long route from Sabarmati to Dandi.
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- Patel’s early willingness to sacrifice for others;
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However, he was arrested at a village. By this time, congress organization almost everywhere in India had been declared illegal. Amidst this, on July 7, Lord Irwin, the Viceroy, in an address to the Central Legislative Assembly, added insult to injury by flourishing the big stick against the Congress, its leaders and the people who had joined the mighty uprising. Sardar Patel was not the man to take all this lying low.
As Congress President, he replied to the Vice-regal threat on July 13 in a remarkable speech. In a befitting peroration to it, the 'Sardar of Bardoli', urged that every home in India must henceforward be a Congress office and every human soul in the country should be a Congress organization.
His spirited speech and his intensified propaganda subsequent to it, gave great fillip to the movement in the country. Patel's signal contributions towards the success of the epic struggle for Indian freedom soon found recognition in the unique honor that the nation did him by electing him President of the Karachi Session of the Indian National congress held in It was an important session especially as it had to deal with the Gandhi-Irwin pact that had just been concluded and was presented before it for its ratification.
The Sardar gave the Congress a masterly lead on this issue.
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His Presidential address urged acceptance to the pact by way of trial. It, however, stressed the need for the nation to keep itself in readiness for action in case the Government proved false to its terms. Second Civil Disobedience Movement:. Such action became necessary in a matter of few months.
Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel – Biography, Facts, Life, and Contributions to Modern India
Early in came the Second Civil Disobedience movement following continued repression in the country by the government in flagrant violation of the spirit and letter of the pact. Sardar Patel joined it and was, among the great leaders including Mahatma Gandhi, arrested at the very inception of the movement. He was now imprisoned for a long term. Not long after his release Patel became the first Chairman of the C.
Board formed in The parliamentary sphere of congress politics offered the 'Sardar of Bardoli' new scope for the play of his genius as a practical politician.
It brought into evidence some of the characteristic virtues of his masterful personality. As the supreme leader of the Parliamentary Wing of the congress, the Sardar's activity was the most intense from to He had to keep a vigilant eye for this whole period on the behavior of the Congress Ministers and to guide them closely in all matters of policy. In when Britain declared war against Germany on behalf of herself and her Indian dominion, the Congress strongly objected to it.
Very soon, Sardar Patel as Chairman of the C.
Patel’s early willingness to sacrifice for others
Board ordered the Congress Ministers out of office. This brought the Congress again into the field of Direct action. Soon afterwards, Mahatma Gandhi started his 'Quit India' movement by having the Congress Working Committee pass a momentous resolution to that effect on August 8, Sardar Patel joined it by fully endorsing the Working Committee's resolution. Hindol discusses the numerous sacrifices Patel has made in public life bowing to the political ambitions of his peers, while never wavering from his duty to India.
The Man who Saved India clearly charts the leadership skills and statesmanship of Patel during the numerous non-cooperation and civil disobedience movements such as Bardoli and Kheda Satyagrahas, and the timely military action in independent India. It was due to the sheer strength of resolve on the part of Patel, which has helped forge the Bharat that was to capture the imagination of the masses of independent India.
The hitherto unknown details of Patel's personal life and his complex relations with his peers and other contemporary national leaders including Gandhi, Nehru, and Bose, help understand the grace with which he gave up political positions more than once.
In addition, the author also clearly describes the personal sacrifices Patel has made at the altar of mother India, not only of his personal life, but also of the life of his children, even to the chagrin of his family and friends. The amazing result of author's copious research is the emergence of an exceptionally clear picture of Patel's life and leadership in the three decades leading up to the independence of India in addition to establishing Patel's key role in the formative years of India following independence, until his death.
The Man who Saved India is a timely and much needed historical account of modern India. The Man who Saved India is a must read for every Indian as well as every person interested in learning the true history of India. For India and as Indians we claim ancient ancestry and are therefore, civilisational.
Yet, we are a new democratic republic trying to find our place in the new tumultuous 21st century. There comes a time when we cannot look forward without revisiting our past to see if the narrative of the past was complete, accurate and fair. Their contribution to the cause of independence was monumental and this became the widely accepted truth. Yet there was another truth, long ignored in our national narrative. In a meticulously and extensively researched book, the young author brings to the reader the significant role that Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel played not only in our struggle for independence but in the consolidation of the new country.
He was the man who ensured that this newfound independence did not collapse in a heap of dust.
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It was the Sardar who dealt with the reluctant Maharajas, Nawabs and the obdurate Nizam of Hyderabad, when they dreamt of returning to their feudal opulence outside modern India. Patel liquidated the princely states without liquidating the princes. It was his commitment, diplomatic and political skills along with the force of his personality that made unified India a reality.
The book begins with a description of what was once the ancestral home of this great man of India.
Iron Man of India - Sarda Vallabhbhai Patel
This decrepit and rather lonely state of the house and its utter neglect is a clear indication that the prevalent narrative preferred to ignore Valabhbhai Patel's contribution. Gandhi knew the value of God and religion in an India that was subjugated. Nehru knew that if India had to talk about its future then there had to be a grand past of aloofness and elitism. It was Patel who was the hard realist who knew that democracy was not about daily plebiscites but hard decisions cloaked in egalitarianism. Nehru looked at the heavens for inspiration Patel looked at the ground beneath his feet for solutions.
While Nehru wrote elegant prose and Gandhi spoke to the masses, it was left to Patel to worry over mundane matters about funds and their distribution. Patel was a man of few words and there is every reason to give him credit today for many of his arguments and ideas ranging from tackling Kashmir, the future of Pakistan and how socialism without industrialization could be dangerous for the country. His warnings about Kashmir, Tibet and China went unheeded.
After India gained independence from the British, Sardar Patel was one of the first Congress leaders to accept the partition of India as a solution to the rising Muslim separatist movement led by Muhammad Ali Jinnah.
The Man Who Saved India - Penguin India
He represented India on the Partition Council. Sardar Patel was given the herculean task of the political integration of India and is responsible for unifying princely states in the country.
This earned him the title of 'Iron Man of India'. Sardar Patel died on December 15, , at Birla House in Bombay after suffering a massive heart attack. He was awarded the Bharat Ratna posthumously. We remember the great Sardar Patel on his Punya Tithi. Every Indian is indebted to Sardar Patel for his monumental service to our nation.
Don't misuse your valour. Remain united. March forward in all humility, but fully awake to the situation you face, demanding your rights with firmness" My humble tributes to Sardar Patel on his Punyatithi.